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Travel Season and Medical Advise
for Trekkers


When to Go ?

October through May is considered to be the best months to travel in Nepal.

Autumn is the best season for trekking as you will have an excellent weather and tantalizing mountain views. January and February are noted for cold weather with occasional snowfall at higher elevations and trekking involving high passes are not operated. Excellent views are plentiful. These months are popular and ideal for trekking for those who are well equipped or who remain at lower elevations below 10,000ft.

Late February brings spring in Nepal and offers exhilarating trekking for those who are interested in flowers, birds and natural grandeur. Different varieties of wild flowers, specially the rhododendrons make the hillside above 8,000ft unforgettable paradise during this season.

April and May are the expedition season and the best time for climbing the high peaks. It is mildly warm at lower elevations but occasional haze mars beautiful view of mountains. At higher elevations over 4,000 meters (13,000ft) the mountain views are excellent and the temperature is quite moderate even at night.

Monsoon begins in mid-June and lasts until mid-September making travel wet, muddy and most difficult with slippery trails. The mountain views may not be at their best as rain clouds and haze obscure the view. These times are blessed for the keen botanist as the entire country becomes enlivened with blossom of flowers and lush vegetation including the higher slopes and valleys.

While rest of the country experience monsoon with constant rainfall, the upper part of the Annapurna Region and central northwestern region such as Manang, Jomsom, Muktinath, Mustang and Upper Dolpo receive the least precipitation as these destinations fall in the rain shadow areas of the Himalaya including most of the Tibetan Plateau. June through September is the best time to travel the above destinations as the high passes are open, snow melted and valleys become alive with wildflowers and wildlife. Also the locals are in the most festive mood and organize their cultural events in these months to enjoy. So, this part of the world is open for trekking.

High Altitude Sickness and Medical Advice

Trekking in Nepal need not be considered risky affair as far as your health is concerned. But very little medical care along the trail is available, so make sure you are physically fit and healthy before departing. In case of serious illness or injury, prompt evacuation to Kathmandu is the best remedy. Helicopter rescue service is extremely expensive. The Nepalese government, your embassy or the trekking agency is not responsible for the bill. Therefore, you are requested to insure for rescue operation and for any medical evacuation.

It is your responsibility to take care of yourself along the trail by ensuring that the water you drink is boiled. Diarrhea and headaches can be the curse for trekkers. So, bring appropriate medication and use them with caution. Sun burn can also be a problem at altitude, a barrier cream will protect your skin and good sun glasses are also necessary. Blisters are another problem for the trekker and adequate supplies of band aids are advisable.

Altitude sickness

Often known as Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) is particularly a important medical consideration while trekking in Nepal. Altitude sickness means the effect of altitude on those who ascend too rapidly to elevation above 3000M (9840FT).

The initial symptoms of AMS are as following:
Nausea, vomiting; Loss of appetite; Insomnia/Sleeplessness; Persistent headache; Dizziness, lightheadedness, confusion; Disorientation, drunken gait; Weakness, fatigue, lassitude, heavy legs; Slight swelling of hands and face; Breathlessness and breathing irregularity; Reduced urine output. These symptoms are to be taken very seriously. In case of appearance of any of the above symptoms any further ascent should be reconsidered, otherwise more serious problem can occur which can even cause death sometimes within a few hours. The only cure for the altitude sickness is to descend to lower elevations immediately and it has no other cure or substitute. Acclimatization by ascending to no more than 300 to 500 meters per day above 3000 meters and the proper amount of rest are the best methods for prevention of AMS. Literature and pamphlet published by "Himalayan Rescue Association" consists of detailed information on AMS. The central Immigration office and all trekking agencies in Kathmandu distribute this pamphlet free of cost. Since these documents also give information on the list of suggested medical supplies for trekkers, it is a compulsory item for every trekker’s medical kit.

Group trip Medical Kit

Treks involving group travel and a tour leader, the tour leader usually brings a medical kit with basic medical supplies for the group. However, each trip member is advised to bring medical supplies to meet his or her needs for the entire trip.

Private Trip Medical Kit

If you are on a private journey, traveling alone or traveling with your family and friends without joining a group, bring your own medical kit with sufficient supplies to last for the entire trip. Quality medical supplies are difficult to find in Nepal. However, local brands of similar effect are available at local pharmacies in limited places.

We carry a small medical kit with basic supplies for extended duration of treks involving high altitude and passes. However, we find that the best remedy is that the trip participants bring their own medical supplies.



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P.O. Box 24947
Nil Saraswati Marg,

Kathmandu, Nepal
Telephone: (977-1) 444-2879

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